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#B_SHALOM_ AND_ ACHIEVE_ #SHAMAYIM_
_is an ancient monotheistic religion, with the Torah as its foundational text (part of the larger text known as the Tanakh or Hebrew Bible), and supplemental oral tradition represented by later texts such as the Midrash and the Talmud. Judaism is considered by religious Jews to be the expression of the covenantal relationship that G_d established with the Children of Israel.
The closest that anyone has ever come to creating a widely-accepted list of Jewish beliefs is Rambam‘s thirteen principles of faith.:
G-d is one and unique
G-d is incorporeal
G-d is eternal
Prayer is to be directed to G-d alone and to no other
The words of the prophets are true
Moses’ prophecies are true, and Moses was the greatest of the prophets
The Written Torah (first 5 books of the Bible) and Oral Torah (teachings now contained in the Talmud and other writings) were given to Moses
There will be no other Torah
G-d knows the thoughts and deeds of men
G-d will reward the good and punish the wicked
The Mashiach will come
The dead will be resurrected
_is a Hebrew word meaning peace, harmony, completeness, prosperity, and welfare and can be used idiomatically to mean both hello and goodbye. It can refer to either peace between two entities (especially between man and G_d or between two countries), or to the well-being, welfare or safety of an individual or a group of individuals.
_the Hebrew word for “heaven“, denotes a component of the cosmos, the other elements being the earth (erets) and the underworld (sheol). Shamayim is the dwelling place of G_d and other heavenly beings and, in post-Hebrew Bible literature (including the Christian New Testament), the abode of the righteous dead.
The Ein Sof_אין סוף_
is understood as G_d prior to his self-manifestation in the production of any spiritual Realm, probably derived from Ibn Gabirol‘s term, “the Endless One” (she-en lo tiklah). Ein Sof may be translated as “no end”, “unending”, “there is no end”, or Infinity.
Ein Sof is the divine origin of all created existence. Is the emanator of the ten sefirot.
Sephirot_ סְפִירוֹת_meaning emanations
are the 10 attributes/emanations in Kabbalah, through which Ein Sof (The Infinite) reveals himself and continuously creates both the physical realm and the chain of higher metaphysical realms (Seder hishtalshelus).
Sefirot are energy emanations found on the Kabbalistic Tree of Life. Ein Sof, the Atik Yomin (“Ancient of Days”), emanates the sefirot into the cosmic womb of the Ayin in a manner that results in the created universe. The three letters composing the word “Ayin,” (אי״ן) indicate the first three purely intellectual sefirot, which precede any emotion or action.
The order of devolution can be described as:
000. Ayin (Nothing; אין)
00. Ein Sof (Limitlessness; אין סוף)
0. Ohr Ein Sof (Endless Light; אור אין סוף)
-.Tzimtzum (Contraction; צמצום)
Keter_ Crown_ כתר
Chokhmah_ Wisdom_ חכמה
Binah_ Understanding_ בינה
Chesed_ or Gedulah Loving Kindness or Mercy_ חסד
Gevurah_ or Din Power or Judgement_ גבורה
Tiferet_ Beauty or Compassion_ תפארת
Netzach_ Triumph or Endurance_ נצח
Hod_ Majesty or Splendor_ הוד
Yesod_ Foundation_ יסוד
Malchut_ Realm_ מלכות
is a combination of the future, present, and past tense of the verb “howa” (Hebrew: הוה) meaning “to be” and translated literally means “The self-existent One”. A further explanation of the name was given to Moses when YHWH stated Eheye Asher Eheye (Hebrew: אהיה אשר אהיה) “I will be that I will be”, the name relates to G_d as G_d truly is, G_d’s revealed essence, which transcends the universe. It also represents G_d’s compassion towards the world. In Jewish tradition another name of G_d is Elohim, relating to the interaction between G_d and the universe, G_d as manifest in the physical world, it designates the justice of G_d, and means “the One who is the totality of powers, forces and causes in the universe”.
G_d in Judaism is strictly monotheistic. G_d is an absolute one, indivisible and incomparable being who is the ultimate cause of all existence. Jewish tradition teaches that the true aspect of G_d is incomprehensible and unknowable, and that it is only G_d’s revealed aspect that brought the universe into existence, and interacts with mankind and the world.